Our investigations are currently focusing on the important Late Bronze Age sites of Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios and Maroni, which are situated in adjacent river valleys in south-central Cyprus, approximately 7 km apart (Figure 1).  Both sites have been the subject of previous excavations that allow us to draw some tentative conclusions regarding their overall urban plans, but this work was conducted in only a few discrete areas of each site.  We therefore have little idea as to how (or even if, in the case of Maroni) these were woven together into an overall urban fabric.

Figure 1: Kalavasos and Maroni region (map by D. Sewell).


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Sources on Kalavasos and Maroni

Cadogan, G. 1984. Maroni and the Late Bronze Age of Cyprus. In V. Karageorghis and J.D. Muhly (eds.), Cyprus at the Close of the Late Bronze Age, 1-10. Nicosia: A.G. Leventis Foundation, Nicosia.

—–1989. Maroni and the monuments. In E.J. Peltenburg (ed.), Early society in Cyprus, 43-51. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

—–1992. The British Museum’s work at Maroni. In G.C. Ioannides (ed.), Studies in Honour of Vassos Karageorghis, 103-108. Nicosia: Society of Cypriot Studies.

—–1996. Maroni:  change in Late Bronze Age Cyprus. In P. Åström and E. Herscher (eds.), Late Bronze Age settlement in Cyprus:  Function and Relationship, 15-22. Jonsered: Paul Åströms Förlag.

Cadogan, G., Herscher, E., Russell, P. and Manning, S. 2001. Maroni-Vournes: A long White Slip sequence and its chronology. In V. Karageorghis (ed.), The White Slip Ware of Late Bronze Age Cyprus. Proceedings of an International Conference Organized by the Anastasios G. Leventis Foundation, Nicosia in Honour of Malcolm Wiener, Nicosia 29th-30th October 1998, 75-88. Vienna: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften.

Fisher, K.D. 2009. Elite place-making and social interaction in the Late Cypriot Bronze Age. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology 22(2): 183-209.

—–In press. Investigating monumental social space in Late Bronze Age Cyprus: an integrative approach. In Spatial analysis and social spaces: Interdisciplinary approaches to the interpretation of historic and prehistoric built environments. E. Paliou, U. Lieberwirth and S. Polla (eds.). Berlin: De Gruyter.

Goren, Y., S. Bunimovitz, I. Finkelstien and N. Na’aman. 2003. The location of Alashiya: new evidence from petrographic investigation of Alashiyan tablets from El-Amarna and Ugarit. American Journal of Archaeology 107: 233-55.

Iacovou, M. 2007. Site Size Estimates and the Diversity Factor in Late Cypriot Settlement Histories. BASOR 348: 1-23.

Johnson, J. 1980. Maroni de Chypre. Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology 59. Gothenburg:  Paul Åströms Förlag. 

Manning, S.W. 1998a: Changing pasts and socio-political cognition in Late Bronze Age Cyprus. World Archaeology 30(1): 39-58.

—–1998b: Tsaroukkas, Mycenaeans and Trade Project: preliminary report on the 1996-1997 seasons. Report of the Department of Antiquities Cyprus: 39-54.

Manning, S.W. and D.H. Conwell. 1992. Maroni Valley Archaeological Survey Project: preliminary report on the 1990-1991 field seasons. Report of the Department of Antiquities Cyprus: 271-83.

Manning, S.W. and F.A. De Mita. 1997. Cyprus, the Aegean, and Maroni-Tsaroukkas. In Proceedings of the International Archaeological Conference Cyprus and the Aegean in Antiquity, From the Prehistoric Period to the 7th Century A.D. Nicosia 8-10 Dec. 1995, 103-41. Nicosia: Dept. of Antiquities.

Manning, S.W., D. Bolger, M.J. Ponting, L. Steel and A. Swinton. 1994. Maroni Valley Archaeological Survey Project: preliminary report on the 1992-1993 seasons. RDAC: 345-67.

Manning, S.W., L. Crewe, L. And D.A. Sewell. 2006. Further light on early LCI connections at Maroni. In E. Czerny, I. Hein, H. Hunger, D. Melman and A. Schwab (eds.), Timelines. Studies in honour of Manfred Bietak, Vol.2, OLA 149, 471-88. Leuven: Peeters.

Manning, S.W. and S.J. Monks with contributions by L. Steel, E.C. Ribeiro, and J.M. Weinstein. 1998. Late Cypriot Tombs at Maroni Tsaroukkas, Cyprus. Annual of the British School at Athens 93: 297-351.

Manning, S.W., D.A. Sewell and E. Herscher. 2002. Late Cypriot IA maritime trade in action: underwater survey at Maroni-Tsaroukkas and the contemporary east Mediterranean trading system. Annual of the British School at Athens 97: 97-162.

South, A.K. 1980. Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios 1979: a summary report. RDAC: 22-53.

—–1988. Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios 1987: an important ceramic group from Building X. RDAC (pt. 1): 223-228.

—–1989. From copper to kingship: aspects of Bronze Age society viewed from the Vasilikos Valley. In Early Society in Cyprus. E. Peltenburg (ed.). University of Edinburgh Press, Edinburgh. Pp. 315-324.

—–1991. Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios 1990. RDAC: 131-9.

—–1995. Urbanism and trade in the Vasilikos Valley in the Late Bronze Age. In S. Bourke and J. Descoeudres (eds.), Trade, Contact, and the Movement of Peoples in the Eastern Mediterranean. Studies in Honour of J. Basil Hennessy, 187-97. Sydney: Mediterranean Archaeology Supplement 3.

—–1997. Kalavasos-Ayios Dhimitrios 1992-1996. RDAC: 151-175.

—–2008. Feasting in Cyprus: A view from Kalavasos. In L.A. Hitchcock, R. Laffineur and J. Crowley (eds.), DAIS: The Aegean Feast (Aegaeum 29), 309-16. Liège: Université de Liège.

Todd, I.A. 1977. Vasilikos Valley Project: first preliminary report. RDAC: 5-32.

—–1986. Vasilikos Valley Project: fifth preliminary report. RDAC: 12-27.

—–1996. The Vasilikos Valley: its place in Cypriot and Near eastern prehistory. In J.E. Coleson and V.H. Matthews (eds.), “Go to the Land I Will Show You”. Studies in Honor of Dwight W. Young, 317-51. Winona Lake: Eisenbrauns.

—–2004. Vasilikos Valley Project 9: The Field Survey of the Vasilikos Valley Volume I (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology LXXI: 9). Sävedalen: Paul Åström.

Wright, G.R.H. 1992. Ancient Building in Cyprus. Leiden: E.J. Brill.